The #19 Ford Gaillion was built by Charles Montier of Paris, France. The Gaillion name was chosen to honor hill climb racing location where Montier often raced. This car raced in the very first Le Mans 24 hour race in 1923 and finished in 14th place.
Montier used a standard Ford Model T 177 c.i.(slightly less than 3 liter) side valve engine; could possibly have been sleeved down to 2-liter (122 c.i.) displacement. He made the radiator taller than a standard T, with a larger capacity to aid cooling. It had a standard planetary two-speed transmission augmented with a two-speed Ruckstell axle. Montier at some point replaced both with a French-built Synpar three-speed gearbox (which omitted the transmission brake as equipped by Ford.) He lowered the chassis by using a new fabricated wishbone at the front and a new crossmember at the rear, both created and patented by Montier.
He used Weymann-type fabric-covered four seat bodywork which complied with the new Le Mans race rule requiring all cars with engines over 1,000 cc to have four seats. The car also had two-wheel brakes (rear only), with new larger drums machined to run with friction linings.
After the 1923 Le Mans 24 hour race, Montier updated to four-wheel brakes